This study conducts the hydrological component analysis from 2010 to 2015 at the water curtain cultivation area in Cheongwon-gu, Cheongju-si and investigates the monthly based groundwater recharge variation. It is found that the rates of evaportranspiration, surface runoff and groundwater recharge were varied according to the total annual precipitation and their correlations were also changed annually. Annual recharge rates for annual precipitation ranged from 8.3% to 19%, and their coefficient of determination ranged from 0.39 to 0.94. Especially in 2015, when the severe drought came upon this area, the lack of groundwater recharge made groundwater level decrease consistently. Thus, it is thought that the special method of estimating exploitable groundwater in water curtain cultivation site is to be introduced.